Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a chronic condition that results in dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. It is more prevalent in those with a family history of the disease. Though it usually starts in young children, it can occur at any age.
Most medical illustrations of the condition depict a red, dry rash on white skin, even though the condition is more common in African Americans and usually appears darker brown, purple, or ashen grey. One study has found that Black children are 1.7 times more likely to develop atopic dermatitis than White children.